CCNA Certification Introduction
The CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) certification is the first in Cisco´s line of certifications that an aspiring networking professional must acquire in order to add value to their IT career. The CCNA certification validates a firm foundation of networking skills that include fundamentals like the OSI Reference Model, Networking Protocols, Layer 2 Switching Concepts and Protocols, Routing Concepts and Protocols, and Wide-Area Networking (WAN) Connectivity. Thus a person who is aiming to qualify for the CCNA certification should be proficient in their abilities to provide basic network installations and troubleshooting.
CCNA Course Contents
- Introduction to Wide Area Networks
- Internetwork Operating System (IOS)
- IP Routing (Static & Dynamic)
- LAN Switching
- IPv4 & IPv6
- STP, PVSTP & RSTP
- Virtual Private Network – VPN
- Redundancy Protocols
- Network monitoring tools
- NAT & PAT
- Cisco Express Forwarding
- Network Device Security
- WAN Technologies (Cloud, SDN, IoT)
CCNA Routing & Switching Course Details
1) Describe how a network works
- Describe the purpose and functions of various network devices
- Select the components required to meet a network specification
- Use the OSI and TCP/IP models and their associated protocols to explain how data flows in a network
- Describe common networked applications the impact of applications
- Describe the purpose and basic operation of the protocols in the OSI and TCP models
- Interpret network diagrams
- Determine the path between two hosts across a network
- Describe the components required for network and Internet communications
- Identify and correct common network problems at layers 1, 2, 3 and 7 using a layered model approach
- Differentiate between LAN/WAN operation and features
2) Configure, verify and troubleshoot a switch with VLANs and interswitch communications
- Explain the technology and media access control method for Ethernet networks.
- Explain network segmentation and basic traffic management concepts.
- Explain basic switching concepts and the operation of Cisco switches.
- Perform and verify initial switch configuration tasks including remote access management.
- Verify network status and switch operation using basic utilities (including: ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH, arp, ipconfig), SHOW & DEBUG commands.
- Identify, prescribe, and resolve common switched network media issues, configuration issues, auto negotiation.
- Describe enhanced switching technologies (including: VTP, RSTP, VLAN, PVSTP, 802.1q, Ether-Channel).
- Describe how VLANs create logically separate networks and the need for routing between them.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLANs.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot trunking on Cisco switches.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot interVLAN routing.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VTP.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RSTP operation.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot Ether-channel.
- Interpret the output of various show and debug commands to verify the operational status of a Cisco switched network.
- Implement basic switch security (including: port security, trunk access, management vlan other than vlan1, etc.)
- Select the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect switches to other network devices and hosts.
3) Implement an IP addressing scheme and IP Services to meet network requirements in a medium-size Enterprise branch office network
- Describe the operation and benefits of using private and public IP addressing.
- Explain the operation and benefits of using DHCP and DNS.
- Configure, verify and troubleshoot DHCP and DNS operation on a router.
- Implement static and dynamic addressing services for hosts in a LAN environment.
- Calculate and apply an addressing scheme including VLSM IP addressing design to a network.
- Determine the appropriate classless addressing scheme using VLSM and summarization to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment.
- Describe the technological requirements for running IPv6 in conjunction with IPv4 (including:tunneling).
- Describe IPv6 addresses.
- Identify and correct common problems associated with IP addressing and host configurations.
4) Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic router operation and routing on Cisco device.
- Describe basic routing concepts (including: packet forwarding, router lookup process).
- Describe the operation of Cisco routers (including: router bootup process, POST, router components).
- Select the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect routers to other network devices and hosts.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIPv2.
- Access and utilize the router to set basic parameters.
- Connect, configure, and verify operation status of a device interface.
- Verify device configuration and network connectivity using ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH or other utilities.
- Perform and verify routing configuration tasks for a static or default route given specific routing requirements.
- Manage IOS configuration files. (including: save, edit, upgrade, restore)
- Manage Cisco IOS.
- Compare and contrast methods of routing and routing protocols.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot OSPF.
- Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP.
- Verify network connectivity (including: using ping, traceroute, and telnet or SSH).
- Troubleshoot routing issues.
- Verify router hardware and software operation using SHOW & DEBUG commands.
- Implement basic router security.
5) Identify security threats to a network and describe general methods to mitigate those threats.
- Describe today’s increasing network security threats and explain the need to implement a comprehensive security policy to mitigate the threats.
- Explain general methods to mitigate common security threats to network devices, hosts, and applications.
- Describe the functions of common security appliances and applications.
- Describe security recommended practices including initial steps to secure network devices.
6) Describe the purpose of ACLs and NAT
- Configure and apply ACLs based on network filtering requirements.
- Configure and apply an ACLs to limit telnet and SSH access to the router using.
- Verify and monitor ACLs in a network environment.
- Troubleshoot ACL issues.
- Explain the basic operation of NAT.
- Configure NAT for given network requirements using.
- Troubleshoot NAT issues.
7) Implement and verify WAN links
- Describe different methods for connecting to a WAN
- Configure and verify a basic WAN serial connection
- Configure and verify Frame Relay on Cisco routers
- Troubleshoot WAN implementation issues
- Configure and verify a PPP connection between Cisco routers
8) Describe VPN technology
- Importance, benefits, role, impact, components of VPNs in modern day networks.